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It is our pleasure to welcome you to the Hassabo International Hospital Department of Pulmonary Medicine and thank you for your confidence in our dedicated team of physicians and medical professionals. Our goal is to help you breathe easier, lead an active life and assist you in managing your lung condition.

 Hassabo International Hospital’s Pulmonology Department provides comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with a variety of acute and chronic respiratory disorders. Beginning with your first visit, our specialists will tailor your treatment plan according to your unique needs. Please review this guide to learn more about the physicians and procedures available to you at HIH, and to ascertain what steps you may need to take toward achieving better health.


What is Pulmonology?

Every moment of your life, whether you’re awake or asleep, your lungs are hard at work. The average adult takes more than 20,000 breaths a day. With each inhale, air enters the lungs where oxygen is transferred to the bloodstream and sent to all of your body’s cells. The body parts responsible for this constant breathing in and out make up the respiratory system. The respiratory system includes the nose, throat, windpipe (trachea) and lungs. Pulmonology deals with diseases of the lungs and their treatment. Pulmonology Department at HIH provides comprehensive treatment to those patients with pulmonary problems and sleeping disorders.

What is a pulmonologist?

A pulmonologist is a physician who is highly trained and specialized in diagnosing and treating the diseases of the respiratory system.

About us

The Pulmonary Medicine Department provides top-of-the-line services in the diagnosis and management of various respiratory diseases. In-house Doctors specialized in respiratory medicine diagnose and treat conditions affecting the respiratory (breathing) system. Keeping your lungs healthy is an important part of an overall healthy lifestyle. From pulmonary rehabilitation, smoking cessation to critical Care, Hassabo International Hospital’s pulmonology department provides all this in one convenient location.

When Should I See A Pulmonologist?

Breath better …... live better

A persistent cough or simple wheeze may pass unnoticed in the course of our busy life, but it’s critically important for your lungs health to be aware of even mild symptoms. Sometimes people think having trouble breathing is just something that comes with getting older. It is important to be aware of these symptoms as they could be the first signs of lung disease, including (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), asthma and lung cancer. Being aware of the early warning signs of lung disease can help you to receive treatment before the disease gets worse or even becomes life threatening. If you experience any of the following warning symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor as early as possible. Early detection could save your life!

Know the Warning Signs for Lung Disease

Symptom Checklist

Chronic cough: A cough that you have had for a month or longer is considered chronic. This is an important early symptom that tells you something is wrong with your respiratory system.

Shortness of breath: It’s unhealthy to experience persistent shortness of breath after exercise or after little or no exertion. Labored or difficult breathing—the feeling that it is hard to breathe in out—is considered also one of the warning signs.

Chronic mucus production: Mucus, also called sputum, is a natural defense against infections or irritants and it is produced by the airways. If you experience persistent productive cough _mucus production has lasted a month or longer_ this could indicate lung disease.

Wheezing: Noisy breathing is a warning sign which indicates that something is blocking your respiratory tract or making it too narrow.

Coughing up blood (hemoptysis): coughing up blood can originate you’re your respiratory tract or your lungs. Wherever it’s coming from, it may be a sign of serious lung disease.

Chronic chest pain: unidentified chest pain especially if it gets worse with cough or breathing _one of the warning signs.

What Does Our Department Offer?

The Department of Pulmonary Medicine is geared to deal with the whole array of respiratory disorders like Asthma, COPD, Pneumonias, Interstitial Lung diseases, Sleep apnea & Insomnia

Our Services

Pulmonary Function Testing (Spirometry, Volumes)

For comprehensive diagnosis and management of various Respiratory Diseases.

Asthma Clinic- comprehensive evaluation and management of Asthma

COPD and smoking related diseases


Pulmonary rehabilitation

Lung Cancer

Biopsy of Pleura and Intra Thoracic Masses

Invasive and Non-Invasive Ventilation

Respiratory Critical Care

Our motto is to provide personalized care to all our patients round the clock with any types of acute respiratory problems


Treatment & Procedures 

Treatments that may be recommended during your visit:


  • A nebulizer is a small plastic bowl with a screw-top lid and a source for compressed air. The air flow to the nebulizer changes the medication solution to a mist. When inhaled, the medication has a better chance to reach small airways which increases the medication’s effectiveness.


Medication is administered directly into the vein.


Medication is administered directly into the muscle.

Procedures that may be recommended during your visit:


Spirometry loosely means measurement of breath. It is one the most recommended problems, Basically, it measures the lung functions in terms of the flow and volume of air that you inhale and exhale. The data is achieved from the test is referred to as pneumotachographs which are used in the diagnosis and assessment of certain conditions like bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  • A spirometer aids in the whole process. It measures the also measures the movement of the inhaled and exhaled air through the lungs. There are many types of spirometers most of them are able to identify two kinds of ventilation pattern that may be an indicator of an abnormality in the lungs which are obstructive and restrictive.

Who should undergo the procedure?

1- Those who have trouble with their breathing

2- Individuals who are suspected to have lung infections like emphysema, bronchitis, and asthma

3- Those who experience shortness of breath or have been exposed to chemical fumes in the workplace.

4- Those who have a chronic lung disorder

5- Those who are under certain medications, (doctors can use spirometry to effects of these medications to the patient’s lungs)

6- Those who are preparing to undergo a complicated surgical procedure. This is to ensure that the lung is in good health during the procedure

  • Benefits

One of the many benefits of spirometry testing (also referred to as “pulmonary function testing “):

-It can detect abnormalities in lung function even when no signs or symptoms of disease are evident.

-It can be used to help establish a medical diagnosis when signs or symptoms of disease are evident.

-It can also be used to assess the effectiveness of medical treatment. If a medication is given to open narrowed airways, it should be monitored by spirometry to ensure that the normal airflow is restored.

  • Noteworthy is that children who are not able to comprehend the instructions during the test are not meant to take part in the procedure
  • In essence, the procedure works best for individuals above the age of six as they are best placed to comprehend instructions.

The procedure is done without the employment of sedatives, the procedure typically produces a forced expiratory volume which tells the doctor the largest amount of air an individual can breathe out after breathing in as much air as possible. The patient is showing difficulty in breathing if the recordings are below normal.

THORACENTESIS – (Lung Tap) A procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs (pleura) and the wall of the chest, usually collected through a needle inserted through the chest wall. This test helps determine the cause of excess fluid in the lung cavity and relieves related shortness of breath and pain. Testing is scheduled and performed during your hospital visit.

BRONCHOSCOPY – Bronchoscopy is a diagnostic procedure in which a tube with a tiny camera on the end is inserted through the nose or mouth into the lungs. The procedure provides a view of the airways of the lung and allows doctors to collect lung secretions or tissue specimens.

PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS – A specialized breathing test that is usually done in ambulatory  centre. The test measures how well the lungs take in and exhale air and how efficiently they transfer oxygen into the blood.

At our outpatient clinic

At Hassabo international hospital, we evaluate, diagnose and provide treatment to patients with common and uncommon respiratory system diseases for example:

Common lung disease as




Sleep apnea & sleep disorders

Pleural effusion

Hemoptysis (coughing up blood)

Emphysema & Chronic Bronchitis (COPD)

Lung cancer (diagnosis, staging,
treatment referral)

Pulmonary hypertension

Shortness of breath

Pulmonary embolism

Recurrent bronchitis

Persistent or chronic cough

Uncommon lung diseases as:

interstitial lung diseases

Autoimmune lung diseases


Lung mass, lung nodules, chest CT

Evaluation of infiltrates in the
immunocompromised patient

Information about the clinic

Why should I come to clinic?

The pulmonology team of doctors, nurses, residents, and other members are available at the clinic to meet your needs and ensure you receive the best possible care. Additional referrals and appointments can also be made at the clinic.

What happens at the clinic?

At the clinic you will undergo routine assessments, which may include having your weight taken, recording of your blood pressure, chest x-ray & lung function tests. You will be seen by a doctor who may refer you to be seen by other members of the

Respiratory care team. At the clinic a plan will be made in relation to your next visit, changes to medications or other aspects of your care.

What You Can Expect

During your initial visit, we will conduct a general review and complete medical evaluation to identify your specific needs. We may ask you about:

  • Hereditary diseases affecting the lungs
  • Exposure to toxins, such as smoke, asbestos or fumes
  • Exposure to infectious agents
  • Previous illnesses that may affect your immune system

How should I prepare for clinic?

At the time we schedule your appointment, we will request important information of you that will help us to determine the nature of your current condition.

To ensure you get the best care possible bring:

  • All records that refer in any way to your condition
  • A complete list of your medications
  • All prior medical records, including x-ray films, biopsy reports, lab and/or pathology records
  • Any necessary referrals or prior authorization required by your insurance company
  • Write down any questions or problems to discuss
  • Notebook and pen to take notes.

Scheduling Your Appointments

Our patients are generally seen by appointment for all clinic visits. Pulmonary services are available throughout the week. Should an emergency arise, please call emergency services and visit our 24/7 Emergency Department.

Questions and/or comments

If, after reading this guide, you still have questions, please do not hesitate to ask the Specialists or nurses in our unit. They will be happy to give you more information or arrange a meeting with the Consultant / Medical Director.

We would appreciate it if you could let us know whether you are satisfied with our care. For this purpose, a visitor’s book & patient satisfaction form is available in each of our departments. We would like you to write down your comments, experiences and/or suggestions for improvement, so that we can share this with our staff members. This input may help us to improve the service at the centre.

The Medical Director /patient & care provider service center can be reached on 01006625687-23520003-23521002-23520008–23521006-23521007-23520040

or via the e-mail address:

Dr. Mohamed Salah Nahhas

Education Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery AC: very good / Ain Shams University / Postgraduate studies in laser treatment Master…

Dr. Abdelsattar Darweish

Education Master of surgery / PHD thesis approval ( Dectorate thesis ). Diploma of Surgery – Diploma of Gyna &…

Dr. Amira Mohamed Zaian

Education Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (very good) Kasr Al-Aini. Master of Pediatrics 1993 Kasr Al-Aini (Cairo Medicine) Conditions Treated…

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