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Our Rheumatology department at Hassabo International Hospital! In this department, we strive to provide significant care for immune-mediated and rheumatic disease patients. Our aim is to supply patients with unique and supportive services that help in their healing process. Patients with complex autoimmune syndromes as well as joint, muscle and blood vessel diseases are evaluated, diagnosed, and treated. Our expertise supports the care of patients. Patients with rheumatoid diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are provided with continuous care by our professional physicians. Specialized imaging studies and immunologic testing are available, as is a range of diagnostic procedures and therapeutic approaches. All to ensure the best therapeutic experience for our patients!


What is Rheumatology?

Rheumatology is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases.

What is a Rheumatologist?

A rheumatologist is a physician who is fully trained to manage the rheumatic diseases.

About us

It is with utmost pleasure that we strive to deliver the best possible care for our patients through a team consisting of consultants, doctors, physiotherapists, and specialized nurses. Rheumatology is a branch of internal medicine specified for patient care and education in the areas of arthritis and autoimmune disease. It’s the department’s commitment to provide the most advanced care to its patients, and to the development of new knowledge concerning diagnosis and treatment. The physicians at Hassabo are professionals in their departments and are widely recognized, discovering the abnormalities in the immune system that lead to rheumatic disease and expanding the fundamental understanding of how a healthy immune system functions over a life time.

Know the warning signs

When to see a rheumatologist:

We all have general musculoskeletal pains from time to time that last for just a few days. But, when pain in your joints, muscles, neck, back and bones is severe and persistent for more than a few days, you should see a rheumatologist. Rheumatic diseases are hard to determine in their early stages and you can have mild symptoms that are related to much more complex conditions. Rheumatic diseases have different symptoms. If you experience any of the following symptom, this means you may have a rheumatic disease:

Symptoms checklist

  • Persistent joint pain
  • Tenderness
  • joint swelling, stiffness, and redness
  • Joint deformity
  • Loss of joint flexibility.
  • Extreme fatigue and weakness.

Rheumatologists at Hassabo International Hospital are your experts in this area and are trained to evaluate all of your symptoms to diagnose and treat your condition. It is necessary to find the correct diagnosis as soon as possible to begin suitable treatment because many of these disorders respond best to treatment in the early stages of disease.

Rheumatic diseases are continuously evolving, so you should keep on visiting your rheumatologist till he reaches a final definitive diagnosis. The diagnostic process usually includes a complete medical history, physical examination, blood tests and x-rays, which all could be done at our hospital.

Our services and what we treat:

Rheumatic diseases are inflammatory diseases that involve joints, but also sometimes the ligaments, bones, and muscles are involved. Organs may also be affected! ultimately, these parts may result in loss of function..

There are more than 100 types of rheumatologic diseases all of which could be diagnosed and treated at our hospital. They include:

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Bursitis
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Gout
  • Infectious Arthritis
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR)
  • Polymyositis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
  • Scleroderma
  • Sjogren’s Syndrome
  • Spondyloarthropathies
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Tendinitis

Rheumatologists at Hassabo International hospital have special skills and are trained to reach even the most complex diagnosis and treat arthritis, rheumatic illnesses, and much more. They efficiently treat patients with pain and disorders of the joints, muscles, tendons, bones and other connective tissues. Their robust background in internal medicine prepares them as specialists to handle localized and generalized pain while also considering other medications or conditions. The hospital also provides professional physiotherapists, laboratories, and advanced equipment that help in easing the process of healing. The department provides diagnostic procedures and comprehensive treatment of rheumatic problems. Our advanced treatment options provide each patient with an exceptional level of care.

Information about the clinic

Why should I come to the clinic?

Rheumatic diseases can increase your risk of developing other conditions, particularly if it’s left without management. What’s more, it is not wise to wait until you are severely ill and in need to be admitted to the hospital. So the rheumatology team of doctors, nurses, technicians, and other members are available at the clinics to meet your needs and ensure you receive the best possible care. Additional  referrals  and  appointments  can  also  be  made  at  the  clinics.

What happens at the clinic?

The rheumatologist will first take the patient history, then do physical examination and then order specific laboratory tests and imaging investigations that shall definitely help in the diagnosis.

On your first visit to our rheumatology department, one of the first questions the doctor will ask is, “What brings you here?” This is your chance to tell him how your complaint is affecting your life.

Then, get ready to answer questions like:

  • What are your symptoms?
  • How often do you have symptoms? (All the time, daily, weekly, every now and then?)
  • What makes you feel better? (Exercise, rest, medicine?)
  • What makes you feel worse? (not practicing enough exercise, not sleeping well, stressing too much , eating a special type of food?)
  • What activities cause pain? (physical work or exercise, walking, sitting for a long time ,bending?)
  • Where on your body is the pain?
  • How bad is the pain?
  • Which words best describe your pain? (Dull, sharp, stabbing, throbbing, burning, aching, cramping, radiating?)
  • How does the pain make you feel? (Tired, upset, sick?)
  • Does it stop you from doing things you enjoy? (Gardening, shopping, taking care of children?)
  • Are there any other symptoms ? such as (Rashes, itching, dry mouth or eyes,  fever, infections?)

Some questions may not seem to be related, but your doctor has a good reason for asking them. Tell him if you want to know why or if you feel uncomfortable.

Ask any questions you have about the visit and the recommended treatments. It’s natural to wonder about things like:

  • How long will it take for me to start to feel better?
  • What can I do to sleep through the night?
  • I don’t like to take medicine. What are my other options?
  • Will I have to take arthritis drugs for the rest of my life?

Rheumatologists have the special training to make a treatment plan just for you. Your first visit will consist of taking history and performing physical examination. The appointment’s duration is variable, but it will be worth the time given. Some diseases, like Rheumatoid arthritis, are long-term which indicates that you’ll have to see the doctor more often. The physical exam is a routine in your visit to the clinic. A needle could be used to aspirate blood or joint fluid while you’re in the office or you may be sent to the lab for these tests.


The doctor shall prescribe for you the appropriate medication. He may tell you to take over-the-counter medicines like aspirin, for pain. He could also prescribe low-dose corticosteroids to ease the swelling.

Physical therapy or occupational therapy:

 Physical therapists at HIH can teach you exercises to help you move your joints and make them stronger. They can also show you how to relax the tension on your joints during everyday activities.

How should I prepare for the clinic?

When you schedule your appointment, we will ask you to provide important information that will help us evaluate your current condition:

  • Be prepared with the questions you want to ask
  • bring a notebook and pen, we encourage you to take notes
  • if this is a follow up visit, you have  to  remember  to  write  down  the  changes  you  have  experienced  since  your  last  visit.
  • List of medications that you’re allergic to.
  • All records that refer in any way to your condition.
  • A complete list of your medications.
  • All prior medical records, including x-ray films, biopsy reports, lab and/or pathology records.
  • Any necessary referrals or prior authorization required by your insurance company.

Scheduling your appointment:

Patients are generally seen by appointments, however if your situation is urgent, please inform our staff when you call or visit our 24/7 emergency department .our best effort will be made to see you as soon as possible and the specialized dentist will be immediately notified to assess your needs.

Questions and comments

Our first mission is to give you a satisfactory service. Your satisfaction is our responsibility.

If, after reading this guide, you still have any comments or questions, please feel free to ask any of our staff members, the Specialists, nurses or even receptionist in our department. They will do their best to give you more information or arrange an appointment for you with the Consultant.

We would be happy if you could let us know whether you are satisfied about our care. For this purpose a visitor’s book & evaluation form are available in each unit of our departments. We would like you to write down your comments, experiences and/or suggestions for improvement, so that we can share this with our staff members. This data may help us to improve our service at the department.

The Medical Director /patient & care provider service center can be reached on

01006625687- 2352003-23521002- 23520008- 23521006- 23521007- 23520040

or via the e-mail address:

Our Mission

Physicians and staff members in the Rheumatology Department in HIH their first and last job is to provide the most updated and comprehensive care available. In addition, our goal is to continue educating patients and their family members to help them gain a solid understanding of all care provided and procedures performed. Visit our Department of Rheumatology with any questions you may have.

Dr. Amira Mohamed Zaian

Education Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (very good) Kasr Al-Aini. Master of Pediatrics 1993 Kasr Al-Aini (Cairo Medicine) Conditions Treated…

Dr. Mohamed Kamal

Education Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery 1974 Excellent grade, MSc in Otolaryngology 1978 Excellent grade, and PhD in Otolaryngology 1984.…

Dr. Nihad Kamel Fouad

Education Diploma in Ophthalmology – Al Qasr Al Aini Diploma in Laser and Biological Sciences _ Cairo University Diploma in…

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